Public Health Wales, Hywel Dda University Health Board (UHB), and Ceredigion County Council are investigating three instances of energetic tuberculosis (TB) in people who had been shut contacts of an individual who sadly died with the illness final yr.
After the unhappy dying in October 2021 of a scholar who was resident on the Lampeter campus of University of Wales Trinity St David, shut contacts of the person had been recognized and screened for TB.
Three shut contacts of the deceased particular person have since been identified with energetic TB, and are receiving acceptable therapy.
The multi-agency Outbreak Control Team (OCT) have been working with the University of Wales Trinity St David to ascertain contacts of these affected, and to supply TB screening. The threat to the college group, and to native residents, could be very low.
Dr Brendan Mason, Consultant in Communicable Disease Control for Public Health Wales, mentioned:
“Following established outbreak management procedures, we’ve got recognized people who’ve had shut contact with the deceased particular person. These shut contacts have been contacted and screened for TB, three of whom have been discovered to have energetic TB.
“Our investigations have proven that the three people with energetic TB are all carefully linked to the one that sadly died in October 2021. TB is tough to transmit. It requires shut and extended contact with an infectious particular person for an individual to turn out to be contaminated. Therefore, the college group and native residents may be reassured that the chance to most of the people is extraordinarily low.
“We have recognized all of the shut contacts of the deceased particular person and they’re receiving the mandatory TB screening and observe up. Work is continuous to determine the shut contacts of the three instances of energetic TB, all of whom shall be invited for TB screening by Hywel Dda UHB.
“However, we encourage everyone to be aware of the symptoms of TB. If you have symptoms, we advise that you speak to your GP, who can provide you with the appropriate advice and refer you for TB screening if required.”
Symptoms of energetic TB embody:
- A persistent cough that lasts greater than three weeks and normally brings up phlegm, which can be bloody
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
- High temperature (fever)
- Tiredness and fatigue
- Loss of urge for food
- Swellings within the neck