On May 7, the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) reported the primary case of monkeypox in England this yr, by which, contracting the virus was linked to journey to Nigeria.
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) was notified and final week, they supplied some extra particulars:
On seventh May 2022, the NCDC was notified by the UK International Health Regulations (IHR) nationwide point of interest of a case of monkeypox detected in a affected person with latest journey historical past to Nigeria. The particular person is a UK resident who arrived in Nigeria on twentieth April 2022, travelled to Lagos and Delta States in the course of the time spent in Nigeria, departed Lagos on third May 2022 and arrived within the UK on 4th May 2022. While in Nigeria, the case didn’t report being involved with anybody with signs of monkeypox or different sickness with rash. The analysis of monkeypox (West African clade) was confirmed by PCR within the UK on sixth May 2022. The affected person is presently steady and receiving care within the UK.
The NCDC is investigating the incident in collaboration with the Lagos and Delta State Ministries of Health. In addition, the Monkeypox Technical Working Group comprising the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (FMARD), World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), US Centers for Disease Control (US CDC) and coordinated by the NCDC is collaborating to strengthen in-country capability to stop, detect and reply to Monkeypox circumstances within the nation.
Since the re-emergence of monkeypox in Nigeria in September 2017, the nation has continued to report sporadic circumstances of the illness from states throughout the nation. Between September 2017 and thirtieth April 2022, a complete of 558 circumstances and eight deaths have been confirmed from 22 states. Of these, 15 circumstances have been confirmed in 2022 alone – this does NOT represent an outbreak. The highest variety of circumstances have been reported from states within the South-South area of Nigeria.
Monkeypox is a virus that’s unfold primarily from animals to people, with signs reminiscent of fever, headache, physique ache, malaise, enlargement of glands (lymphadenopathy), sore throat and fluid-filled physique rashes (vesicular rash). This might final for 2 to 4 weeks. Transmission is through direct contact with contaminated animals, human, or contaminated supplies. The virus doesn’t unfold simply between folks and the chance of transmission to the broader public could be very low.
Monkeypox is usually self-limiting, which suggests sufferers are likely to recuperate in a few weeks. However, supportive care and administration of the situation is required and principally profitable. Control measures embrace isolation of suspected or confirmed circumstances, strict adherence to common precautions, particularly frequent handwashing with cleaning soap and water and using private protecting gear.