According to the World Health Organization (WHO), since the beginning of this year 2022 up to 28 February 2022, a total of 33 suspected cases of Lassa Fever including 17 confirmed and 5 deaths (CFR 15.2%) have been reported in Liberia.
The confirmed cases have been reported from: Bong County ( 5 cases and 0 death) ; Grand Bassa County ( 5 cases and 1 death) and Nimba County ( 7 cases and 4 deaths). A total of 36 contacts are under follow up.
Lassa fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic illness transmitted to humans through contact with food or household items contaminated by rodents infected with the Lassa fever virus. Person-to-person transmission can also occur, particularly in a hospital environment with inadequate infection control measures.
Lassa fever presents initially like any other febrile illness such as malaria. Its symptoms include fever, headache, sore throat, general body weakness, cough, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle pains, chest pain, and in severe cases, unexplainable bleeding from ears, eyes, nose, mouth, and other body openings. The time between infection and the appearance of symptoms of the disease is 3 to 21 days. Early treatment and diagnosis increase the chances of survival.