Both the Taoiseach Micheál Martin and President Michael D Higgins have spoken about Irish neutrality over the weekend, with the Taoiseach suggesting neutrality must “evolve” whereas the President praised a “special role” for impartial international locations.
Attending the Fianna Fáil 1916 commemoration at Arbour Hill on Sunday, Mr Martin was requested by The Irish Times if Irish neutrality wants to alter in response to the invasion of Ukraine. He mentioned: “I do think it needs to evolve, yes. It has evolved to a large extent.”
Mr Martin mentioned not being a part of navy alliance was a attribute of Irish neutrality prior to now, however given the menace from Russia and the altering nature of the menace, Ireland ought to work with different international locations to make sure its safety.
He mentioned that Ireland already co-operated on safety with different EU international locations. Asked if that was not being a part of an alliance he mentioned: “It’s not but, there’s no formal EU pact, and if there was there must be a referendum for us to affix such a pact.
“I do think we have to evolve our thinking on this.”
In his speech, Mr Martin mentioned: “We have to be clear that we need a proper, informed and inclusive debate about our future policies.”
He added: “The world has changed and Ireland must respond. We cannot sit still and simply hope that we are left alone.”
In a reference to Russian navy workouts which have taken place close to Ireland, Mr Martin mentioned: “In the sea and air around our island we have seen actions taken which have no innocent explanation. Óglaigh na hÉireann must have the capacity and the authority to carry out essential functions to protect our freedoms and those who share our values.”
Mr Martin additionally referenced efforts to extend defence and safety spending and co-operation within the EU: “Our commitment to working with our European partners has to be reinforced. Co-ordination and shared activities with other defence forces over the last 20 years has proven that this activity is a benefit to us and aids European security. We have to look for ways to build on this.”
Mr Higgins, who final week referred to as for a “well-informed debate” on Irish neutrality, informed a gathering in Howth Co Dublin on Saturday: “I think there is a special role for people and countries who embrace neutrality to be active in making the case for diplomacy to the very end.”
He mentioned that the “rise of the bellicose language of militarism must end”.
Mr Higgins was talking on the unveiling of the restored “Éire 6” signal – designed to tell plane they have been in Irish airspace throughout the second World War, which he mentioned proclaimed Irish neutrality within the battle.
Referring to the battle in Ukraine, Mr Higgins paid tribute to “the brave Ukrainian people who are struggling to defend their homes and their people”.
“A great sense of darkness has fallen across the world with the unfolding tragedy in Ukraine,” he mentioned. The darkness had “resulted from the invasion by its [Ukraine’s] powerful neighbour [Russia] operating with total disregard for the principles of international law”.
The President mentioned that “we must always exert all of our efforts to avoid war and armed conflict and we must relentlessly pursue a diplomatic approach and particularly involving the multilateral institutions, if we are to avoid bloodshed”.