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Why does the Queen have two birthdays?

Although Trooping the Colour was first carried out for army functions below King Charles II within the 1600s, the parade grew to become an official a part of the British calendar a century later.

It is a convention that was began by George II in 1748 and it owes its origins to the ageless downside of the British climate.

George was born in November and felt the climate could be too chilly at the moment of yr for a birthday parade. He consequently determined to mix his birthday celebration with an annual army parade. 

It is a convention that has continued to at the present time, with all British sovereigns being given the choice of getting an ‘official’ birthday.

Because the Queen’s actual birthday is on April 21, she selected to carry her celebration in June annually. When she first ascended the throne she selected to carry her official birthday on the second Thursday of June; the identical day as her father King George VI’s official celebration.

However, in 1959 the Queen determined that her official birthday needs to be held two days later, on the second Saturday of June – and it has been the identical ever since.

What occurs throughout Trooping the Colour?

During the parade the Queen inspects troopers from the Household Division on Horse Guards Parade in Whitehall. 

The vibrant show of pageantry options 1,400 officers and males on parade, 200 horses and 400 musicians from 10 bands. The Queen at all times attends and takes the salute.

According to the Household Division, 113 phrases of command are given by the Officer in Command, and annually a special regiment’s colors are trooped.

The parade begins when the Queen departs Buckingham Palace in a carriage, accompanied by a Sovereign’s escort from the Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment at 10am.

She used to reach driving side-saddle on a horse, sporting the uniform of the regiment being trooped. However, since 1987 she has arrived by carriage.

The Queen arrives at Horse Guards Parade to take the Royal salute from the officers and males on parade at 11am after which carries out an inspection of the troops sporting the ceremonial uniform of purple tunics and bearskin hats.

The Regimental Colour (flag) being trooped is then carried down the ranks following music by the bands.

Once the troopers have marched previous the Queen, she returns to Buckingham Palace for a second salute. 

Once there, she is joined by members of the Royal household on the balcony of the palace. A 41-gun salute is then performed in Green Park. 

The Queen has taken the salute at each parade since her accession to the throne 68 years in the past, besides in 1955 when there was a nationwide rail strike.

Last yr, nonetheless, the Welsh Guard and massed Bands of the Household Division led a scaled down celebration at Windsor Castle, because of the Covid-19 lockdown restrictions. 

The socially-distanced ceremony was pulled along with simply two weeks of rehearsals and the Royal household watched from their houses as a substitute of creating their standard look on the balcony at Buckingham Palace.

How can I watch the Queen’s Birthday Parade? 

The Queen’s Birthday Parade is televised reside by the BBC annually. 

It is often attainable to observe the parade up shut, both by buying tickets or by standing on The Mall, the place the Queen and members of the Royal household journey to and from Buckingham Palace in carriages.

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