In a follow-up report on the typhoid fever outbreak within the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), the World Health Organization (WHO) studies in 2022, from epidemiological week 1 to twenty (ending 22 May 2022), 755,014 suspected circumstances of typhoid fever together with 376 deaths have been recorded within the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
In 2021, from Epi week 1 to 49, 1,380,955 suspected circumstances of typhoid fever have been reported together with 502 deaths (CFR 0.03%).
Typhoid fever, attributable to the bacterium Salmonella typhi, is a life-threatening bacterial an infection. Typhoid fever continues to be frequent within the growing world, the place it impacts about 21 million folks yearly.
Salmonella typhi lives solely in people. Persons with typhoid fever carry the micro organism in their bloodstream and intestinal tract. In addition, a small quantity of individuals, referred to as carriers, get well from typhoid fever however proceed to hold the micro organism. Both ailing individuals and carriers shed S.typhi of their feces.
You can get typhoid fever should you eat meals or drink drinks which have been dealt with by a individual who’s shedding S. typhi or if sewage contaminated with S. typhi micro organism will get into the water you employ for consuming or washing meals. Therefore, typhoid fever is extra frequent in areas of the world the place handwashing is much less frequent and water is more likely to be contaminated with sewage.