The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a journey discover for Nigeria final week due to an outbreak of yellow fever, first reported in November 2020.
The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) is reporting yellow fever outbreaks in a number of states (Bauchi, Benue, Delta, Ebonyi, and Enugu) as confirmed by testing on the Nigerian National Reference Laboratory. Response actions are underway and mass vaccination campaigns are deliberate within the affected areas.
Unless vaccinated, vacationers mustn’t go to these areas.
From 1 January 2021 to twenty-eight February 2022, a complete of two,456 yellow fever (YF) suspected instances have been reported from 526 Local Government Areas (LGA) in 37 states in Nigeria. Of suspected instances, 54 examined constructive for YF by plaque discount neutralization check (PRNT) at Institut Pasteur in Dakar.
Fifteen (28%) of the 54 confirmed instances have been from Enugu State.
Three deaths have been reported amongst confirmed instances.
Yellow fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic fever.
Symptoms of yellow fever (fever, chills, headache, backache, and muscle aches) develop 3-6 days after an infection. About 15% of individuals contaminated with yellow fever virus will develop extreme sickness that may result in liver illness, bleeding, shock, organ failure, yellowing pores and skin (jaundice), and generally dying.
Diagnosis relies on signs, laboratory testing, and journey historical past. Yellow fever virus spreads by means of the bites of contaminated mosquitoes.
CDC says right here are not any medicines to deal with or treatment yellow fever. Yellow fever vaccine is the very best safety towards this illness. Travelers also needs to use mosquito repellent to stop mosquito bites.
Although the federal government of Nigeria solely requires that vacationers arriving from one other nation the place yellow fever happens to indicate proof of vaccination, CDC recommends that each one vacationers 9 months or older going to Nigeria ought to obtain vaccination towards yellow fever a minimum of 10 days earlier than journey. Yellow fever is at all times a threat when travelling in Nigeria, and much more so whereas yellow fever outbreaks are occurring. A signed and stamped International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP or “Yellow Card”) supplies proof of vaccination.